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Dhanteras – This day marks the beginning of the celebrations before Diwali, it is celebrated not only in India but also outside India. The significance is the prayers offered to the Goddess of Wealth- Lakshmiji and it occurs on the 13th day of the Ashvin month. People also clean and decorate their homes with Rangoli and diyas for marking the start of the festivities and announcing the arrival of Lakshimiji to their homes. Every house looks bright and beautiful and is bejeweled with decors and colored lights.
It is believed that Dhanteras is an auspicious day to make important purchases, especially gold , silver, and utensil products. On this day, Hindus believe buying brings good luck, riches, and prosperity. In the evening, people light diyas and also decorate their houses on Dhanteras Day. The light sticks of incense; give Goddess Lakshmi sweets and flowers, and members of the family gather to perform Puja together.
Usually individuals clean and decorate their home on this auspicious occasion by whitewashing, thorough cleaning, interior and exterior decorating of the house, making Rangolis, lighting clay diyas and many more traditions.
They stick the Goddess Lakshmi’s ready-made footprints to come back with wealth and prosperity. After sunset, by providing rose or marigold garland, sweets, ghee diyas, dhoop deep, agarbatti, camphor and so on, individuals give puja to the Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh for wealth, knowledge and well-being.
For Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh, people chant mantras, bhakti songs, and arti. People wear new clothes and jewelry and at someplace they also play the gambling game.
The lamp is lit in the evening and Dhan-Lakshmi is greeted in the house. Designs from Alpana or Rangoli are made on paths including the footprints of the goddess to mark Lakshmi’s arrival. Aartis or hymns of devotion are sung eulogizing Goddess Lakshmi and she is offered sweets and fruits.
Hindus, along with Goddess Lakshmi on Dhanteras, also worship Lord Kuber as treasurer of wealth and the bestower of wealth. The possibility of doubling the advantages of such prayers is the practice of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and God Kuber together.
People rush to the jewellers and buy jewellery or utensils of gold or silver to venerate the Dhanteras occasion.
Story of Lord Dhanvantari– Lord Dhanvantari, who is considered as an incarnation of Lord Vishnu and physician of Deities, came out of the ocean that was churned by the Deities and the demons, on the day of Dhanteras. It is said that God Dhanvantari appeared with Ayurveda for the well-being of mankind.
Story of King Hima- King Hima’s son was expected to die on the fourth day of his marriage and the cause was snakebite. When his smart wife went to learn about such a forecast, the wife of the king’s son decided not to let her husband die and she created a plan. On the fourth day of their marriage, at the door of the room, she gathered all the riches and jewellery and lit lights every nook and corner of the location. She then started singing songs and started saying tales one by one to prevent her husband from sleeping.
The God of death, Lord Yama, arrived in the shape of a snake in midnight. His eyes were blinded by the bright lights and the lamp’s radiance and he could not enter their room. So Lord Yama continued to sit there all night waiting for a chance to bite the child of the king. As the king’s son’s wife kept singing songs and telling stories all night long so he couldn’t get any opportunity and Lord Yama silently left the place in the morning.
The wife saved the life of her husband from the cruel death’ shand. Since then, Dhanteras day has also been known as’ Yamadeepdaan’ day, and it has become a ritual to light a lamp, Diya, and maintain it burning all night with regard to Lord Yama, the God of death.
Story of MaaParvati – Legend claims Lord Shiva’s consort Goddess Parvati played dice on this day with her husband and won. And so it’s a custom followed by some Hindus, where entrepreneurs play dice, lottery, cards or gambling to ensure wealth and prosperity throughout the year.
The ocean was churned by gods and demons to get Amrita or nectar, another legend behind celebrating Diwali. Dhanvantari (regarded as Gods ‘ physicist and Lord Vishnu’s embodiment) had emerged from the sea churning (having elixir jar). The same day as the Dhanteras is celebrated.
According to Hindu mythology, there are vivid varieties of customs and traditions followed at this festival. People consider it good to buy metallic things such as gold or silver coins, jewellery items, new utensils or other new things. People think that buying new things is the sign of Lakshmi coming home for the whole year. Lakshmi Puja is done in the evening and people lit various diyas or earthen lamps in order to drive out the shadow of the evil spirit. People recite bhakti hymn, aarti and mantras as well to drive out the evil powers.
People in the villages decorate their cattle and worship them, as they are their major source of income. South Indians offer decorated cows as an embodiment of the Goddess Lakshmi. People perform Lakshmi puja during the shubhmuhurta according to the calendar. At some places seven cereals (wheat, gram, barley, Urad, Moong, Masoor) are worshipped while performing puja. Golden flowers and sweets are offered during puja to Mata Lakshmi.
This festival plays a vital role in the life of the people of India. It brings a lot of happiness, wisdom, wealth, prosperity, and good destiny for all. People clean up everything before this day in order to remove all the bad energy and idleness from their surroundings. People take baths and wear new clothes in order to clean up their body; mind and soul before performing puja. As this day is the birthday of Dev Dhanwantri, all the new innovations related to medical science are established on this day.
Lord Dhanvantari gave the wisdom of Ayurveda for the improvement of humanity and also helped to get rid of disease misery.On Dhanteras, at their homes in the evening, people light diyas (earthen lamps). They also decorate their houses and all congregate to perform Laxmi Puja together.
There was a king called Hima, whose son, on the fourth day of his marriage, was supposed to die. Hima’s daughter-in-law, however, saved him from dying by prohibiting Yamaraj from entering the doorway, the god of death.
By putting diyas, a lot of gold jewellery and silver coins at the entrance, she did that. Along with the brilliant diyas, the powerful light coming from the glittering jewels blinded Yamaraj, who had appeared in the form of a serpent. Hima’s son’s life was thus saved. This is also one of the significances of the festival.
There are vibrant varieties of customs and rituals practiced at this festival, according to Hindu mythology. Metallic objects such as gold or silver coins, jewellery items, new utensils, or other new products are nice for people to purchase. People think that the symbol of Lakshmi coming home for the whole year is buying new items. In the evening, Lakshmi Puja is performed and people light various diyas or earthen lamps to wash out the shadow of the evil spirit.
Celebrate Dhanteras the Takshila way by enrolling in your choice of courses on this occasion which marks celebration, happiness and fulfillment in your lives. Our courses will be a mark of transformation in your lives as God Lakshimiji adds a mark of wealth in your life. Come, enroll and celebrate by becoming a Takshilian in this festival season.
Read another short essay on Dussehra
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