Describe the Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture - NCERT Class 10
Describe the Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture – NCERT Class 10
Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture
Describe the Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture
Here you can get the answer of Describe the Impact of Globalisation on Indian Agriculture for NCERT class 10 social science.
What is Globalization?
The term “Globalization” refers to the integration of the nation’s economy with the world’s economy; it is a multi-faceted aspect. It is due to the collection of multiple strategies, which are directed at transforming the world towards greater interdependence and greater integration. It includes the creation of networks and pursuits transforming social, geographical, and economic barriers. Globalization tries to build links in such a way that the events in India can be determined by events happening far away.
Globalization is usually demonstrated to indicate the integration of the economy of the nation with the world economy, which is a multifaceted aspect. Globalization is the final product of the collection of multiple strategies that are directed at transforming the world towards greater interdependence and integration. It comprises the creation of networks and pursuits transforming social, economic, and geographical barriers. Globalization tries to construct links in such a manner that the events in India can be determined by events happening distances away.
Impact on agriculture
The impact of globalization on Indian agriculture has been felt since colonial times. Raw cotton and species were important export items from India. In 1917, Indian farmers revolted in Champaran against being forced to grow indigo instead of food grains, in order to supply dye to Britain’s flourishing textile industry. Thus, globalization has had its boons and banes for Indian agriculture.
Post liberalization, Indian farmers face new challenges in the form of competition from highly subsidized agriculture of developed nations. This prompts the need of making Indian agriculture successful and profitable by improving the conditions of small and marginal farmers, countering the negative effects of the Green Revolution, developing and promoting organic farming, and diversifying cropping patterns from cereals to high-value crops.
There are positive and negative impacts of globalization on Indian farmers:
i. New techniques are adopted in farming
ii. Increase in productivity
iii. Minimum usage of fertilizer, pesticides, and water
iv. Fruits, nuts, vegetables which were first imported from foreign countries are now produced at our places and exported which in turn increases foreign exchange
v. R & D to acquire a position in the world agriculture market
vi. Establishment of food processing industries, increase in employment
vii. Minimum wastage of grains, fruits, vegetables as we can adopted techniques from develop country
i. Less manpower in the field, unemployment in villages
ii. High cost
iii. Gap increase between rich and poor farmers
iv. High cost>high loans > if crop fails> high loss> suicide.
Impact on Indian economy
There are multiple components of globalization and they are classified as follows:
Let us discuss the effect of globalization under these components.
Economic effect: As the supermarket structure arrived in India, it is very difficult for the farmers to sustain. Because of cheap export, small traders suffer a lot. Whereas, globalization has given chance to expand the Indian IT and Pharma sector, and also agricultural processed material. While the economy gets foreign currency, thereby to get more foreign reserves, all are kept quiet. We also know that chances to have more development activities is also provided by foreign currency.
Cultural effect: Due to globalization, many people have been attracted towards the western lifestyle. Nowadays, we can notice some significant changes in the expenditure pattern of the public. Savings are very less as compared to consumption. People are eager to buy imported and branded goods that ultimately results in an increase in the current account deficit or causes a trade deficit. According to a study, globalization’s cultural aspect is destroying our values and culture. Swami Vivekanand used to say that one should learn science from the west and let them have a deep sense of our rich moral values.
Social aspect: Due to globalization, nuclear families are coming more into the picture. MNC’s are set up in metro cities. Small town guys get job in these companies and take a house on rent and then after some time get married. Nowadays, foreign deputation is of high value, which youths cannot resist. But in all these things, he finally loses touch with his parents. Nuclear families are more based on utilitarianism, thus, in case of any dispute, the relationship ends.
Political effect: International organization such as WTO, IMF, and World Bank are interfering in internal matters of a democratic country, which is not always positive. A global accident can affect internal politics. A rise in right-wing leads to the formation of the government. This is a global trend.
Philosophical effect: According to the experts, globalization is philosophically defined by liberalism. In 1991, the fall of Russia resulted in rise of the USA. America supports an open market economy. Therefore, Globalization is making most of the leading economies easily penetrable. This is not fair in favor of the poor and needy population.
There are many positive good impacts of globalization such as more consumer-centric services, fall of the caste system, the rise of the middle class, better buying options, more brands, cheap and good shopping deals, etc.
Globalization is important to expand markets and enable a business to make sensible utilisation of available resources. It also solves various issues of individuals and a nation, giving them many options to choose from and satisfy their need. Globalization boosts exports and discourages imports and uplifts foreign exchange.
Browse the related video lecture on Globalisation and Its Characteristics
What are the main reasons that caused Globalization?
The main reasons that caused Globalization are as follows:
i. Making global travel easier with improved transportation.
ii. Advanced technology made communication and sharing of information easier.
iii. Minimized tariff barriers and encouraged global trade.
iv. Broadening of global media.
What are the positive impacts of Globalization?
The four positive impacts of Globalization:
i. Stabilized security
ii. Increases competition
iii. Increases wealth equality across the world
iv. Creates efficient markets
Takshila learning understands that globalization is an important aspect that contributes towards market expansion and growth. The learning and the consequent application about Globalization is essential for the students.
Takshila learning encourages the benefits of Globalization for the nation’s development
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