DEFICIENCY DISEASES -DISEASES CAUSED BY DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN AND MINERAL
DEFICIENCY DISEASES -DISEASES CAUSED BY DEFICIENCY OF VITAMIN AND MINERAL
What are deficiency diseases?
Deficiency diseases, also known as nutritional disorders, are illnesses that develop over time as a result of a shortage of nutrients. A lack of one or more nutrients in our bodies might result in diseases or problems.
Wheat, for example, contains carbohydrates but is low in protein and fat. Excessive consumption of wheat products leads to a lack of protein and fat, which slows growth. Protein deficiency prevents growth, skin diseases, inflammation of the face, worsening of hair color and diarrhea.
Lack of various vitamins and minerals can lead to certain diseases and disorders. Therefore, a balanced diet is needed to avoid inadequate diseases. Some diseases/disorders caused by a lack of vitamins and minerals.
A balanced diet is very important for a person’s good health. Any imbalance in the diet may lead to overeating or inadequate intake of certain nutrients. Insufficient deficiency of a particular nutrient can lead to disease.
What is Vitamin deficiency?
Vitamin deficiency is a chronic vitamin deficiency condition. It is classified as a primary deficiency due to lack of adequate vitamin, while it is classified as a secondary deficiency due to underlying disorders such as malabsorption.
A Vitamin is a micronutrient that is not prepared in sufficient quantities by the body. That is why it is necessary to take from external sources for the normal functioning of the body. Vitamin deficiency leads to vitamin deficiency diseases.
The following is a list of certain vitamins and diseases caused by their deficiency:
Vitamin A : It is an important source of micronutrients from various food sources such as carrots, spinach, milk, poultry, liver and fish. It is essential for a person’s normal vision, reproduction, growth, and a healthy immune system.
Most children under the age of five suffer from severe ocular psoriasis, in which the child is at risk of becoming blind. Vitamin A deficiency in pregnant women can lead to complications during pregnancy and childbirth.
Vitamin B1 in foods: Vitamin B can be of various types such as Vitamin B1, B2 and B12. Insufficient diseases depend on the individual’s vitamin B deficiency.
Vitamin B1: Vitamin B1 deficiency causes beriberi, which weakens muscles and leads to weight loss. Severe deficiency can lead to stroke and heart attack.
Vitamin B4: Vitamin B4 deficiency can lead to diseases such as anemia and some skin disorders such as cracks around the mouth. This can lead to depression and nervous breakdown.
Vitamin B12: Vitamin B12 deficiency leads to catastrophic anemia. Other diseases associated with B12 deficiency include muscle and nerve paralysis, severe fatigue, dementia, and depression.
Vitamin C : Vitamin C deficiency is a disease that causes bleeding gums, skin lesions and joints. It affects the immune system and can be fatal in severe cases.
Vitamin D : Vitamin D deficiency weakens bones, especially near the joints. It can also cause tooth decay.
Vitamin K : Vitamin K is an important nutrient in the blood. Deficiency is more common in infants, and the inability to clot leads to excessive bleeding.
What are Mineral deficiency diseases?
Minerals are special nutrients that your body needs to function properly. A mineral deficiency occurs when your body does not receive or absorb the necessary minerals.
Special requirements are specified in the proposed daily allowances (RDA).
RDA is the average amount that meets the needs of 97% of healthy people. They can be obtained from food, minerals, and food products fortified with extra minerals.
A decrease often occurs slowly over time and can occur for a number of reasons. The more common causes are increased demand for minerals, lack of minerals in the diet, or difficulty in absorbing minerals from food.
Mineral insufficiency can lead to a variety of health problems, such as bone loss, fatigue, or a weakened immune system.
Minerals are volatile nutrients that contain micronutrients such as copper, zinc, iodine, and iron, as well as calcium, potassium, magnesium, and sodium.
Below is a list of some of the minerals and their deficiency-related diseases:
Calcium deficiency : Strong bones and teeth need calcium. It supports the proper functioning of your blood vessels, muscles, nerves and hormones.
Natural sources of calcium include small fish such as milk, yogurt, cheese, bones, beans and peas. Vegetables such as broccoli, bananas and Chinese cabbage also provide calcium. Some foods are fortified with minerals, including tofu, whole grains, and juices.
Calcium deficiency in the short term causes some obvious symptoms. This is because your body carefully controls the level of calcium in your blood. Prolonged calcium deficiency can lead to a decrease in the concentration of bone minerals known as osteopenia.
If left untreated, osteopenia can develop into osteoporosis.
Severe calcium deficiency can be caused by medications (such as diuretics), surgery to remove the stomach, or medical problems or treatments such as kidney failure. Symptoms of severe depression include:
Irregular heart rhythm
Iron deficiency : Iron, in the form of hemoglobin, carries oxygen from the lungs to various cells in the body. Iron deficiency causes anemia, in which the blood does not carry the required oxygen to the tissues, leading to death. 40-60% of children in developing countries suffer from mental retardation due to iron deficiency. Red meat, spinach and poultry are rich in iron.
Iron is an important part of hemoglobin, the protein that carries oxygen to your tissues.
Iron is part of other proteins and enzymes that keep your body healthy. The best sources of iron are meat, poultry or fish. Plant-based foods such as beans or peas are also good sources.
Iron deficiency develops slowly and can lead to anemia. It is considered unusual in the United States and among those on a healthy diet. However, in a 2008 report by the World Health Organization, iron deficiency accounted for almost half of the world’s anemia.
You may be performing poorly at work or at school. Children can display signals through slow social and cognitive development.
Magnesium deficiency: These include reactions that regulate blood sugar levels and blood pressure. Magnesium also regulates the proper functioning of muscles and nerves, brain function, energy and metabolism, and protein production.
Magnesium in the body resides in about 60 percent of bones, 40 percent of muscle and soft tissue cells. Good sources of magnesium include
Green leafy vegetables like spinach
Magnesium deficiency : is uncommon in healthy people. The kidneys can prevent magnesium from being excreted in the urine. However, certain health and chronic health conditions, such as alcoholism, can cause magnesium deficiency.
The presence of the disease also greatly affects the magnesium requirement. In this case, the RDA for magnesium may not be adequate for some individuals.
The first symptoms of magnesium deficiency include:
Nausea is coming
If left untreated, magnesium deficiency can lead to the following symptoms:
Abnormal heart rhythm
Potassium deficiency It is essential for muscle contraction, proper heart function and transmission of nerve signals. It requires certain enzymes, one of which helps your body convert carbohydrates into energy.
Fruits and vegetables such as bananas, avocados, dark leafy greens, beets, potatoes and plums are good sources of potassium. Other good sources include orange juice and nuts.
Examples may include extended vomiting, kidney disease, or the use of certain medications, such as diuretics.
Other symptoms include constipation, bloating and abdominal pain due to intestinal paralysis.
Severe potassium deficiency can lead to death from muscle paralysis or irregular heart rhythm.
Zinc deficiency : Zinc is very important for cell production in the body and for immune functions.
Zinc is important for proper growth and development during pregnancy, childhood, and adolescence. Good sources of zinc include:
Seeds and Nuts
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