CS Professional – Information Technology and System Audit – E-Governance In India
E-GOVERNANCE – Electronic governance is governance through the medium of information technology to make the government related service simple, moral and accountable. Its purpose is to make the availability of information to the citizen in a responsive manner through the use of information technology.
DR. APJ KALAM has defined e-governance in Indian context:-
“A transparent e-governance with seamless access which is a secure and authentic flow of information between interdepartmental authorities and providing fair, truthful and unbiased information to its citizens.”
EVOLUTION OF E-GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
Government of India established a national information centre (NIC) in 1977 and it was considered as a major step for e-governance establishment in India. NICNET was followed in 1987 to boost what it has started.
However, e-governance was first started in Kerala with the scheme name called AKSHAYA which aim was to cater the requirement of 1000- 3500 families with the power of networking.
CHALLENGES OF E-GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
- No system for integrated services at many places
- Language barrier among different states leading to no integrated system
- Huge population leading to huge resources
- No infrastructure for sustaining e-governance projects on a national level
- Lack of proper coordination among government departments on a national level
- Lack of data centers
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SUGGESTIONS FOR SUCCESSFUL E-GOVERNANCE
- Create literacy and awareness among citizens
- Conduct surveys and pre-assessment before implementing projects
- Implement pilot projects that are successful for better results
- Build an integrated database for easy retrieval of information
- Take an example from other states who have successfully implemented the schemes
- Manage and update the government websites regularly so that information is delivered efficiently
- Policies are having interoperability feature
National E-Governance plan
With the increasing use of computers in government departments, it leads to e-governance evolution in India leading to consumer awareness and transparency. It basically connects government at local, state and national level.
It’s an interconnected view of e-governance initiative across the country. it was established to make that kind of infrastructure to provide facilities to remotest areas.
NEGP implementation involves setting various e-governance centers:-
- SWAN(STATE WIDE AREA NETWORK)
- SDC(STATE DATA CENTERS)
- CSC(COMMON SERVICE CENTERS)
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NATIONAL E-GOVERNANCE DIVISION
It works under the scheme of national e-governance plan and provides an institutional framework for state-level decision making and provide technical and professional support to all the states
STATE WIDE AREA NETWORK
It provides an establishment of a secure network between states with the use of copper, optical fiber cables or wireless for transfer of information.
Swan basically connects three tiers of government. One is state headquarters, second is district headquarters and third is block headquarters, each of them should be connected with the bandwidth of several network links with the minimum of 2mbps connectivity.
STATE DATA CENTRE
It integrates the following services
- Government to government
- Government to citizen
- Government to business
NATIONAL SERVICE DELIVERY GATEWAY
It integrates the various department of government by establishing the common gateway to process the information leading to interoperability between government departments and helps them to share data effectively.
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Tag- Meaning of e-governance, Evolution of E-GOVERNANCE in India, successful of e-governance, e-governance plan, National e-governance division, E-Governance In India