More than 90 percent of India’s total surface area flows into the Bay of Bengal and the rest into the Arabian Sea. Only a small area of Rajasthan has internal drainage. The drainage system that flows into the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal is separated by a watershed that stretches across the Western Ghats, Aravali, and Yamuna Sutlej Divide. The Indian drainage system is divided into the Himalayan Drainage System and the Peninsular Drainage System. The Himalayan rivers are mostly perennial, with features such as valleys, V-shaped canyons and deltas in their youth. Peninsular rivers are seasonal and do not have an extensive network of tributaries. Here we give the characteristics of the rivers flowing east and west and their characteristics.
The Himalayan Rivers originate from glaciers and pass through vast depressions and plains. The only exception is the Indus River, which flows from north to south. Most of the rivers on the peninsula flow eastwards, as their main source is the Western Ghats. Narmada and Tapi flow into the rift valleys that flow from east to west. The following is a list of rivers flowing east and west of India:
East flowing rivers in India – Eastern Rivers of the Peninsular plateau
The Godavari: 1,465 km: The Godavari is the second-longest river after the holy Ganges River. The river originates from the Brahmagiri Hills in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik, Maharashtra, and flows for 1,465 km before joining the Bay of Bengal. It is located in Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Odisha, Puducherry, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. Godavari Maha Pushkaram or the Great Worship of the Godavari River is a Hindu festival that worships the Godavari River and is held once in 144 years. The last time the festival was held was in 2015.
The Krishnan: 1,290 km: Krishna River is the fourth largest river in India in terms of water flow. The river originates near the Arabian Sea in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra and flows for 1,290 km before sinking into the Bay of Bengal. It is a fish in the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana, and Andhra Pradesh. It is the main source of irrigation in these states. Krishna Pushkarlu is a religious festival held on the Krishna River in the states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and Telangana and is held once in 12 years. Krishna Pushkarlu was last celebrated in 2016.
The Mahanadi: 900 km: The Mahanadi, one of the most active soil depositing rivers in India, originates in the Dandakaranya hills in Chhattisgarh and flows 900 km before joining the Bay of Bengal. Mahanadi is a fish in the Indian states of Chhattisgarh and Odisha.
The Kaveri: 765 km: The Kaveri River, originates from the Brahmagiri Hills in the Western Ghats of Karnataka and flows for 765 km before joining the Bay of Bengal. The river is a fishing ground in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.
Main features of the East flowing rivers of Peninsular Plateau
Estuaries deltas should not be formed as they have large fishing areas
Flows into the Bay of Bengal
About 77% of the country’s drainage area flows into the Bay of Bengal
West flowing rivers in India – WesternRivers of the Peninsular plateau
The Narmada River: Considered as a geographical barrier between North and South India, the Narmada River is the third largest river in India and the largest west-flowing river. It originates from the Narmada Kund in Amarkantak located in the Michael range and is also known as the lifeline of Madhya Pradesh. The Narmada River travels for about 1300 km and then joins the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Cambay.
The Tapti River: The Tapti River, also known as the Tapi River, is one of the major rivers of central India. About 700 km long, it is a major west-flowing river, covering the states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, and Gujarat. It originates from Multai near Bethel and joins the Arabian Sea through the Gulf of Khambhat.
Main features of the West flowing rivers of Peninsular Plateau
The rivers flowing west of Peninsular India are smaller and smaller than the rivers flowing east of them.
The Narmada and the Tapti are the two major rivers flowing west.
This unusual characteristic is that these rivers do not flow through the faults (linear rifts, rift valleys, and streams) caused by the bending of the northern peninsula during the Himalayan formation process.
These faults work in parallel with the Vindhyas and the virtuous.
Sabarmati, Mahe, and Looni are the other rivers in India in the western peninsula.
Hundreds of small streams from the Western Ghats flow rapidly to the west and join the Arabian Sea.
It is noteworthy that the peninsulas that fall into the Arabian Sea are not deltas but only estuaries.
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