NATIONALISM IN INDIA – CBSE Class 10 Social Science
Nationalism in India : Introduction
There is a rise in nationalism due to the opposition of colonialism. The first war of independence for India was “The revolt” or Sepoy mutiny 0f 1857. Due to the opposition to British colonial rule, the people of India were suffering badly. The opposition resulted to form different groups of the anti-colonial rule. In this event, common people of India were forced to participate in the First world war in which the British were willing to increase the defence expenditure levied on taxes. This harsh situation is the beginning of nationalism in India.
In the year 1918, there was the shortage of food grains and crops. It was the bad year as it leads to feminine and outbreak of influenza.
In the year 1915, there was a coming of Mahatma Gandhi with the Indian freedom movement. In South Africa, he tested the idea of nonviolence and anti-colonial struggle. He was the leader who motivated different groups of society from all creeds, caste, and religion towards the single goal of freedom.
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Satyagraha- Ideals and Implementation
Satyagraha refers to the appeal for truth. It represents passive resistance to appeal to the conscience of the oppressor. Mahatma Gandhi (Father of our Nation) organize Satyagraha movement in various parts of India against the injustice by the British government, he used this concept of mass mobilization.
In the year of 1916, Mahatma Gandhi visited Bihar district (Champaran). In this village, the Britishers forced the farmers to grow indigo instead of food grains. The village was following a purdah system and untouchability and very unhygienic. Gandhi Ji took various steps to improve the village infrastructure. There he implemented satyagraha movement against the oppression of peasants.
In the year of 1917, he visited Gujarat’s head district where people were below poverty line. Gandhiji along with Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel implement Satyagraha against the tax burden.
In the year 1918, he visited Ahmadabad and organized the satyagraha movement to support the demand of cotton mills worker.
Gandhiji successfully organized Satyagraha movement in many parts of India which leads to nationalist movement in future.
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