CBSE Sample Paper 2021 – 2022 Class 10
Sample paper class 10 – SOCIAL STUDIES (SST)
Sample Question Paper 2022-23
SOCIAL STUDIES Class X
Time: 2 hours 30 mins Total marks: 80
- The question paper contains 28 questions divided into four sections A, B, C and D.
- All questions are compulsory.
- Section A comprises 6 questions of 1 mark each.
- Section B comprises 5 questions of 2 marks each.
- Section C comprises 8 questions of 3 marks each.
- Section D comprises 7 questions of 4 marks each.
- Section E comprises 2 map-based questions of 6 marks each.
SECTION A (1×6)
- Old alluvial soil is called ___________.
- What is per capita income?
- The Ottoman Empire is present day __________.
- The European Parliament is situated in _________.
- India adopted the constitution on ___________.
- India has the right to mine manganese nodules beyond the exclusive economic zone. State True or False.
SECTION B (2×5)
- Define the following:
- Define the following:
- Biotic resources
- Abiotic resources
- Why is sharing power desirable in a democracy?
- Define the following:
- Infant mortality rate
- Literacy Rate
- What was the Rowlatt Act?
SECTION C (3×8)
- What was Satyagraha?
- Explain the three challenges faced by democracy across the world.
- What is standardization of products? Give examples of any two organisations which perform standardization of products.
- What are individual, national and international resources?
- Write a short note on Golden-Quadrilateral superhighways.
- Why did industrialization and industrial products increase during the first world war?
- Explain the two different types of federations by which countries are formed.
- Give any 3 advantages of globalisation.
SECTION D (4×7)
- Give the key features of federalism.
- Write a short note on the Dandi march.
- What was the Non-Cooperation movement?
- Differentiate between intensive farming and commercial farming.
- What is the role of public sector undertakings in the development of India?
- What factors influence MNCs’ decision to establish production in other countries?
- Differentiate between conventional and non-conventional resources?
SECTION E (6×2)
- Map the following:
- Churi Chora
- Sardar Sarovar Dam
- Tungabhadra Dam
- Map the major bauxite deposits in India.
CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Science with Solutions Download PDF
– Solutions of CBSE Sample Paper for Class 10 Social Studies –
- Per Capita income is the total income of the country divided by the total population.
- Brussels, Belgium
- 26th Jan 1950
- It is a direct vote in which the entire population of a region is asked to accept or reject a proposal.
- Majoritarianism means the majority community can rule a country in whichever way they want, disregarding the wishes and needs of the minority.
- Biotic resources are obtained from the biosphere and include life forms such as humans, flora and fauna, and fisheries.
- Abiotic resources are made up of non-living organisms. For example, Rocks and metals.
- Power-sharing in democracy is desirable due to the following reasons:
- It is beneficial because it reduces the likelihood of conflict between social groups.
- The spirit of democracy is one of power-sharing. A democratic rule entails sharing power with those who are affected by its application and must live with its consequences.
- It represents the number of children who die before reaching the age of one year as a percentage of 1000 living children born in that year.
- It calculates the percentage of people aged 7 and up who are literate.
- The British government passed the Rowlatt Act in 1919 to demonstrate its superior power and authority over Indians. This act also gave the British the authority to detain people without charge or trial, which went against the concepts of humanity and their rights.
- In January 1915, Mahatma Gandhi returned to India. He had travelled from South Africa, where he had successfully combated the apartheid state with a novel form of popular protest known as Satyagraha. The concept of Satyagraha emphasised the importance of truth and the necessity to seek it. It implied that if the cause was just, if the struggle was against injustice, then fighting the oppressor did not require physical force. A satyagrahi could win the conflict via non-violence without seeking vengeance or being confrontational. This could be accomplished by appealing to the oppressor’s conscience.
- The challenges faced by a democracy are:
- The foundational challenge: It has to do with making a democratic transition and subsequently establishing democratic administration. It entails overthrowing the current non-democratic system, keeping the military out of government power, and building a sovereign and functional state.
- The challenge of expansion: It entails implementing the fundamental idea of democratic governance throughout all regions, social groupings, and institutions. It deals with giving local governments more power, extending the federal principle to all federal units, and assuring the inclusion of women and minority groups, among other things.
- The challenge of deepening democracy: This challenge entails fortifying democratic institutions and practices. It entails strengthening the institutions that facilitate people’s participation and control over the government. It aims to reduce the power and influence of wealthy and powerful people in making government decisions.
- Standardization of products refers to the process of maintaining uniformity and consistency among products. Government agencies standardise a product to ensure consistency in the quality of products or services. It enables consumers to be assured of the quality of goods and services when purchasing them. Producers may use the logos of the organisations that monitor and issue these certificates. In India, the two organisations in charge of product standardisation are:
- ISI for industrial products and Hallmark for jewellery are issued by the Bureau of Indian Standards.
- The Agmarks are issued by the Ministry of Agriculture for food items.
- Individual resources are the resources owned by individuals.
National resources are the resources that come within the perimeters of a country. Even private or individual resources can be taken over by the government for the public good.
International resources are the resources that are governed by international rules and regulations. For example, the ocean water beyond 200 nautical miles from the surface is an international resource.
- The government has begun work on a major road development project called the Golden-Quadrilateral superhighway that will connect Delhi- Kolkata- Chennai- Mumbai, and Delhi via six-lane Super Highways. This project includes the North-South corridors connecting Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir) and Kanyakumari (Tamil Nadu), as well as the East-West Corridor connecting Silchar (Assam) and Porbandar (Gujarat).
The primary goal of these Super Highways is to shorten the time and distance between India’s megacities. The National Highway Authority of India is in charge of implementing these highway projects (NHAI).
- Industrial products and industrialisation increased due to the following reasons during the first world war:
- The British mills were forced to produce items for the army due to the war situation. This had resulted in a decrease in Manchester imports into India. Suddenly, Indian mills had a massive domestic market to supply.
- As the war dragged on, Indian factories were called upon to supply war requirements such as jute bags, clothes for army uniforms, tents and leather boots, horse and mule saddles, and a variety of other items.
- New factories were built and existing ones ran multiple shifts. Many new employees were hired, and everyone was forced to work longer hours.
- The two types of federations are:
- Coming together federations: In such federations, all of the constituent states typically have equal power and are strong in comparison to the federal government.
- Holding together federation: In such federations, the central government is typically more powerful than the states. Different constituent units of the federation frequently have unequal powers. Some units are given special abilities.
- The three advantages of globalisation are:
- Goods and services, capital, resources, and technology freely move from one country to another.
- Increase in competition among producers, which benefits consumers.
- Ease and increase of movement of people between different countries.
- Some of the key features of federalism are:
- There should be two or more levels or tiers of government.
- Different levels of government govern the same people, but each has its own jurisdiction in areas such as legislation, taxation, and administration.
- One level of government cannot unilaterally change the fundamental provisions of the constitution. Such changes necessitate the approval of both levels of government.
- Courts have the authority to interpret the constitution as well as the powers of various levels of government.
- On January 31, 1930, he sent a letter to Viceroy Irwin outlining eleven demands, one of which was the abolition of the Salt Tax. Salt was one of the most important food items consumed by both rich and poor people, and the British government saw a tax on it as an oppression of the people. Mahatma Gandhi’s letter was an ultimatum, and if his demands were not met by March 11, he threatened to launch a campaign of civil disobedience. As a result, Mahatma Gandhi embarked on his famous Salt March, accompanied by 78 of his most trusted volunteers. From Gandhi’s ashram in Sabarmati to the Gujarati coastal town of Dandi, the march covered more than 240 miles, from Gandhi’s ashram in Sabarmati to Dandi, a Gujarati coastal town. The volunteers walked for 24 days, covering approximately 10 miles per day. Thousands flocked to hear Mahatma Gandhi wherever he went, and he explained what he meant by Swaraj and urged them to defy the British peacefully. On April 6th, he arrived in Dandi and ceremonially broke the law by boiling seawater to make salt. This was the start of the Civil Disobedience Movement.
- Mahatma Gandhi declared in his famous book Hind Swaraj (1909) that British rule in India was established with the cooperation of Indians and had survived only because of this cooperation. If Indians refused to cooperate, British rule in India would end within a year, and Swaraj would take its place. Gandhiji proposed that the movement be carried out in stages. It should begin with the surrender of government-awarded titles, followed by a boycott of civil services, the army, police, courts and legislative councils, schools, and foreign goods. If the government used repression, a full-fledged civil disobedience campaign would be launched.
|Intensive farming||Commercial Farming|
|The food grains are produced for self-consumption||The food grains are produced to sell in the market.|
|It is labour intensive.||It is much more scientific and modern technology is used.|
|It increases pressure on the land.||It is done on scientific lines, so it does not increase pressure on the land.|
|Multiple cropping is practised.||Region-based farming is done. Ex Rice is produced in Punjab.|
|It is economically less productive||It is economically more productive.|
- The government owns the assets and provides the services in the public sector. The government spends a lot of money to provide various services to the public at affordable prices. As a result, the government contributes to the nation’s economic development:
- Infrastructure development includes the construction of roads, national highways, flyovers, metro-rails, railway lines, irrigation through dams, and so on.
- The government stimulates industrial growth by providing electricity at reasonable prices.
- The government is attempting to eradicate illiteracy and move the country forward by operating schools and providing high-quality education.
- The following factors influence the MNC’s decision to set up a production unit in a country:
- Labour pricing – MNCs establish production offices and factories in areas with cheap labour and other resources. For example, India and China.
- Proximity of markets – MNCs set up their production line near their markets.
- Skills of employees – MNCs require skilled engineers and IT personnel, as well as a large number of English-speaking individuals capable of providing customer service.
All of these factors contribute to MNCs saving 50-60% on production costs.
|Conventional Sources||Non-conventional sources|
|Non-renewable sources produce pollution.||They are pollution-free.|
|It is costly.||It is cheaper.|
|They are available in limited quantities.||They are available in unlimited quantities.|
|We cannot depend on them forever.||They are the future sources of energy.|
- Make a map and plant these points like the example given below
What is drought and What is a flood
Fermentation, Types and Uses of Fermentation
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