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CBSE & NCERT Solutions Class 11 Maths Cartesian Product of Sets

CBSE NCERT Solutions Class 11 Maths - Cartesian Product of Sets,ncert maths class 11,ncert class 11 maths solutions

 

CBSE & NCERT Solutions Class 11 Maths Cartesian Product of Sets

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 Cartesian Product of Sets

Ordered Pair:As the name indicates it represents a pair of elements written in small brackets and grouped together in a particular order, i.e., (a,b), a ∈A and b ∈ B where A and B are two sets.

Cartesian Product of Sets: Given two non-empty sets A and B, the set of all ordered pairs (a, b),where a ∈A and b ∈B is called Cartesian product of A and B. In symbols,we write

 

A × B = {(a, b) | a ∈A and b ∈B}

 

Example: If A = {1, 2, 3} and B = {5,6}, then

A × B = {(1, 5), (2, 5), (3, 5), (1, 6), (2, 6), (3, 6)}

 

Some Results

 

  • Two ordered pairs are equal, if and only if their corresponding first element is equal and the second element is also equal e. (x, y) = (a, b) if and only if x = a and y = b.

 

  • If there are p elements in A and q elements in B, then there will be pqelements in A × B, i.e., if n(A) = p and n(B) = q, then n(A × B) = pq.

 

  • If A and B are two non-empty sets and either A or B is an infinite set, then so is

A × B.

 

  • A × A × A = {(a, b, c) : a, b, c ∈A}. Here (a, b, c) is called an ordered triplet.

 

  • Cartesian Product is anti-commutative i.e A × B ≠  B × A.

 

For the practice of Cartesian Product & more, click on Online classes for Class 11 Maths.

 

Question:  Let A = {1, 2, 3, 4} and B = {5, 7, 9}. Determine

 

(i) A × B                                  (ii) B × A

 

(iii) Is A × B = B × A                 (iv) Is n (A × B) = n (B × A) ?

 

  Solution:Since A = {1, 2, 3, 4} and B = {5, 7, 9}. Therefore,

 

(i) A × B = {(1, 5), (1, 7), (1, 9), (2, 5), (2, 7),

(2, 9), (3, 5), (3, 7), (3, 9), (4, 5), (4, 7), (4, 9)}

 

(ii) B × A = {(5, 1), (5, 2), (5, 3), (5, 4), (7, 1), (7, 2),

(7, 3), (7, 4), (9, 1), (9, 2), (9, 3), (9, 4)}

 

(iii) No, A × B  ≠B × A. Since A × B and B × A do not have exactly the same

ordered pairs.

 

 

(iv) n (A × B) = n (A) × n (B) = 4 × 3 = 12

n (B × A) = n (B) × n (A) = 4 × 3 = 12

 

Hence n (A × B) = n (B × A)

 

Question:  Find x and y if (x y, x + y) = (4, 10)

  Solution:        x y = 4

                         x + y = 10

 

On solving    , 2x = 14

x = 7

 

and   7 – y = 4

y=3

 

Question:  If  A= {1, 2}, form the set A × A × A.

 

Solution:We have, A × A × A= {(1,1,1), (1,1,2), (1,2,1), (1,2,2), (2,1,1), (2,1,2), (2,2,1),

(2,2,2)}.

 

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