CBSE Class 8 Social Science- The Indian Constitution
Class 8 Social Science – Chapter 1 – The Indian Constitution
In this article, we will discuss ‘why do we need a constitution and how does the Constitution created?’ from 8th class civics.
All democratic countries have its own constitution.
A constitution helps/ assists as a fixed rule and values that all persons in a country can agree upon on the basis of the way in which they want the country to be ruled. It also agrees on certain ideals that they all believe the country should uphold.
The other vital drive of a Constitution is to define the nature of a country’s political system.
There is always a possibility that the leaders appointed can misuse their authority and power. Hence, the Constitution provides safeguards against the misuse of powers.
The Indian Constitution guarantees the right of equality to all persons and strictly no discrimination on the basis of religion, race caste, gender, and birth place. The right to equality is the fundamental right of all the citizens.
Our constitution also ensures that any dominant group should not use their power against the people who are inferior to them.
The Constitution helps us to protect us against certain decisions that we might take that could have an adverse effect on the larger principles that the country believes in.
Hence, with the above discussion, we can conclude that Constitution plays a very important role in democratic societies.
The Indian Constitution:- Key features
Below are the listed key features of the Indian Constitution:-
- Federalism– Federalism means the existence of more than one level of government in the country. In India, we have government at different levels like Panchayat level, state level, and central level. These numerous communities meant a system of government needed to be diversified. It should not be confined to the central team only. It is important to have government at lower levels also so that decisions could be made for the particular level. The constitution contains lists that detail the issues that each tier of government can make laws on.
- Parliamentary form of the Government- People of India have a direct role in electing the representatives. Every citizen irrespective of its background can contest in elections. The representative elective is accountable to the people.
- Separation of powers- According to the Constitution, there are three organs of the government. These are the legislature, the executive, and the judiciary. The legislatures are our elected representatives. The executives are the small group of peoples who are responsible for implementing laws and running the government. The judiciary refers to the system of courts in the country.
- Fundamental rights- Fundamental rights protect citizens against the misuse of power. It safeguards the right of an individual against the state as well as against individuals.
- Right to equality
- Right to freedom
- Right against exploitation
- Right to freedom of religion
- Cultural and educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
- Secularism- A secular state is one in which the state does not formally encourage any religion as a state religion.
In the upcoming articles for Civics Class 8 , we will discuss ‘Different features of Indian Constitution’
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