NCERT & CBSE Class 12 Business Studies Styles of Leadership
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Styles of Leadership
In this article, we share the features of different types of leadership. As in any business, industry, service sector, leadership is a very important role in the quality and efficiency of work. Different types of leadership are explained below:
A Leader is one who guides and directs other people. He gives the efforts of his followers a direction and purpose by influencing their behaviour. And the quality of the behaviour of individuals whereby they guide people or their activities in organizing efforts.
The behavioural pattern which a leader exhibits in getting things done through others is known as his style of leadership. The leadership style in a particular situation is determined by the leader’s personality, experience and value system, type of followers and nature of the environment. There are three important leadership styles which are based on the use of authority. These are:
- Autocratic or authoritative leadership
- Participative or democratic leadership; and
- Free rein or laissez-faire leadership.
Let’s discuss in detail
- Autocratic Leadership – The autocratic leader gives the order to be obeyed by the subordinates. He centralizes decision-making power in himself. He determines the policies or decisions for the group without consulting them. This style is like “bossing people around”.
- Participative or democratic leadership – A participative leader gives order only after consulting the group and works out the policies with the acceptance of the group. He asks people to do things after sketching out the detailed plans and makes it clear that praise or blame will be shared by all the group members. Thus, there is a two-way communication in the organization. Using this style is of mutual benefit. Subordinates become part of the team and help the leaders make better decisions and achieve objectives.
- Free Rein or Laissez-faire Leader – Free rein means all are free, no one lead. A free rein leader does not lead the team, the entire group do itself. He depends largely upon the group to establish its own goals and work out its own problems. Group members work themselves and provide their own motivation. The Leader serves as a contact man with the outsiders to bring for his group the information and resources it needs to accomplish its goals. This style is evident in college, the principal does not interfere with the faculty teaching methods, but only assigns the courses to be taught and provides with a timetable. The faculty members are free to decide about the book, method of teaching, and various teaching aids to be used. Similarly, in research laboratories.
Free rein style appears to be more suitable when the subordinates are well qualified and trained, self-motivated and also prepared to assume responsibility. Along with freedom,
Following are the demerits of free rein style-
- Ignores the contribution of the leader in task accomplishment.
- Fails to check the undesirable activities of the subordinates at the right time.
- Fails to give proper guidance and support to the subordinates, in the case of need.
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