September 5 is Teachers’ Day in India every year celebrating the birth anniversary of Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan, the first Vice President of India, the second President, and an educator. Globally, Teacher’s Day is celebrated on October 5; but In India, we celebrate it on September 5 since 1962.
I wonder why India decided to celebrate a special teacher’s day, Why celebrate Teacher’s Day and how it is celebrated all over the country as well as what is the Importance of Teacher’s Day. Let’s find out all about Teacher’s Day;
WHY CELEBRATE TEACHERS’ DAY?
Teachers’ Day is celebrated on 5 September in India on the occasion of the birth anniversary of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He was a noted scholar, recipient of the Bharat Ratna, the first Vice President and the second President of independent India. He was born on September 5, 1888. As a teacher, he was an advocate of reform, and an outstanding angel, educationist, and above all, a great teacher.
As the saying goes, the future of a country is in the hands of its children and teachers, and as guardians, students can be shaped into future leaders who will shape the destiny of India. They play an important role in our lives to succeed in career and business. They help us to be a better person, a better member of society, and a better citizen of the country. Teacher’s Day is celebrated to acknowledge the challenges, difficulties, and the special role we face in our lives.
IMPORTANCE OF TEACHER’S DAY
Teacher’s Day is an event in which students and teachers are equally ready. Teacher’s Day is important for students because it provides an opportunity to understand the efforts that teachers make to ensure that they receive a proper education. Likewise, teachers look forward to Teacher’s Day as their efforts are recognized and respected by students and other agencies.
ABOUT TEACHER’S DAY
Teachers need to be respected and honored. In India, on the occasion of Teachers ‘Day, i.e. September 5, the President of India presents the National Teachers’ Awards to outstanding teachers. The awards are given with general thanks to the acclaimed teachers who work in primary schools, middle schools, and secondary schools.
Even in the opinion of our Prime Minister Narendra Modi, “Teaching is not a job, it is a way of life”. He also said that teaching is not a profession but a “religion of life” (lifestyle) and asked teachers to understand the changes taking place around the world so that they can prepare for the new generation. In fact, it is God’s responsibility to provide guidance and knowledge. He said that India should be given the status of ‘Vishwa Guru‘ (Leader of Education) by giving high respect to teachers and encouraging students to think critically about the problems of the country.
Teachers nurture and prepare students for their future as they are true symbols of knowledge and wisdom. They create awareness among students and the general public. They are the source of light in a world darkened by ignorance. Our teachers are the real foundation of our success. They help us to gain knowledge, improve our skills, and build confidence while at the same time choosing the right path to success. But even though they have played such an important role in the lives and nation-building of students, they rarely show the gratitude they deserve. Therefore, it is our duty as students to thank them at least once a year, and Teacher’s Day provides the best opportunity for that.
In addition to our own teachers and mentors, September 5th is also a day that one person can look back on. Radhakrishnan’s life and work may have been inspired. Dr. Radhakrishnan was a small-town man and with the help of education, he became an eminent politician and visionary educator.
ABOUT SARVEPALLI RADHAKRISHNAN
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great philosopher, politician, second president, and first vice president of independent India. He was an eminent scholar and educator. His birthday (September 5) is celebrated as Teacher’s Day in India. There is no doubt that his achievements and works have inspired many young people in India, so he became a teacher in the country. Let us learn about his achievements and contributions and some unknown facts about him.
After completing his schooling, Radhakrishnan’s father wanted him to become a priest in a temple instead of pursuing further studies. He worked hard to get a scholarship from Madras Christian College, which helped him to graduate and in 1906 passed his BA with first-class honors. Did you know that he wanted to pursue a postgraduate degree in science but received a text-based textbook from a relative with philosophy, so he completed an MA in Philosophy and wrote books.
Kolkata University Chancellor Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan has been invited to take up the post of Professor of Psychology and Ethics. He had close communication with Rabindranath Tagore in Kolkata. He was fascinated by the philosophy of the Nobel laureate and wrote his first book about it. He has lectured at Manchester College and Haskell in Chicago. He also served for three years as Professor of the Spelling of Oriental Religions at the University of Oxford.
He became the Vice President of India in 1952 and before that, he was appointed as an ambassador to UNESCO and then to the Soviet Union in 1946. He laid the foundation of India’s relations with the Soviet Union (now Russia). He was sent as the second Ambassador of India to Moscow in 1949–53 during the Cold War. There he positively managed India’s relations with the Soviet Union. During the meeting, Stalin said that it takes two hands to clap and another side was also responsible for the Cold War. Then, Radhakrishnan replied, “As a peace-loving country, the Soviet Union should withdraw its hand because it takes two hands to clap”.
In 1962 he was elected President of the Republic of India. When he was appointed President of India, he was welcomed by Bertrand Russell. Did you know that when he became president, some of his students requested him to celebrate his birthday by saying, “September 5th is celebrated as Teacher’s Day instead of my birthday,” so this will be my pride. Since then, his birthday has been marked as a day to celebrate teachers’ contributions to our lives.
The American teacher Paul Artue Schillip described Radhakrishnan as ‘a living bridge between East and West’ because he interpreted Indian thought very beautifully in the Western sense. He proved to the world that Indian thought has its causes and arguments.
Nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature for five consecutive years. But he never won the Nobel Prize. He received many prestigious awards and trophies, including the Bharat Ratna in 1954, the Knighthood of George V in 1931, and the Honorary Membership of the British Royal Order of Merit in 1963.
When he began his career as an arms graduate in 1931 due to intense research, data, and services. However, he stopped using the title ‘Sir’ and adopted the educational title of ‘Doctor’.
He won the Templeton Prize in 1975 for propagating the idea of ”a universal reality of God that includes love and knowledge for all people.” Did you know that he donated his entire prize to the University of Oxford? Dr. Radhakrishnan established a scholarship called the “Radhakrishnan Chewing Scholarship” in memory of Oxford University.
Another surprising fact about him is that he remained a humble man after becoming the President of India. He received only Rs 2,500 out of Rs 10,000 in salary and the rest was donated to the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund every month.
In the pre-independence period, he formed the Krishnarpan Charity Trust along with Ghanshyam Das Birla and some other social activists.
Therefore, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was a great teacher and man who led India successfully through difficult times. When he became president, India was at war with China and Pakistan. He has won numerous trophies and prestigious awards. He was a UNESCO Ambassador and received the Bharat Ratna. He was earlier the Vice-Chancellor of Andhra University and Banaras University.
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