CBSE & NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Agriculture Geography – CH4
CBSE & NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Agriculture Geography – In summer vacations, 8th Class student Akanksha went to her Grandmother’s house for vacation. She noticed her grandfather working in the field. She asked what is he doing, her grandmother answer that he is taking care of his sugar canes. She asked what he will do with this large number of sugar canes. Her grandmother answers, it will be sent to sugar factory where it will be turned into sugar and other sugar products.
So, she could relate this with her 8th Class chapter Agriculture where she has studied that this transformation from a plant of a finished products involves three types of economic activities like primary, secondary and tertiary activities:-
- Primary activities include all those connected with the extraction and production of natural resources. e.g -agriculture, fishing
- Secondary activities are processing of primary activities. e.g – baking items
- Tertiary activities are the support extended for the successful completion of primary and secondary activities. e.g – Banking, transport.
We will now discuss Agriculture, which is the chapter 4 of Geography in ‘8th Class’ about ‘Agriculture’.
Agriculture is a primary activity giving occupation to 50% of the population. It includes growing crops, vegetables, and rearing animals. The land on which the crops are grown is known as arable land.It is also termed as Farming. The basis of the geography, demand, labour and the level of technology farming can be majorly classified into various types as below:-
- Subsistence farming-It is a process where the cultivation is done only to suffice the personal needs. It focuses on the use of traditional methods, low-level technology, and household labour.
- Intensive Subsistence –In this, the farmer cultivates a small portion of land using simple tools but the requirement of labour is high. Eg:- Rice
- Primitive Subsistence –It comprises of shifting cultivation and nomadic herding.
- Shifting cultivation –It is a process where a plot of land is cleared by felling the trees and burning them. The ashes are then mixed with the soil and crops like potatoes are grown. It is also known as ‘slash and burn’ agriculture. It is practiced majorly in thickly forested area
- Nomadic herding-In this Nomadic herding, herdsman drive from place to place with their animals for fodder and water, along with defined routes. It is practiced in the arid and semi-arid region.
- Commercial Framing-In commercial farming, crops are grown and the animals are reared for sale in the market.
- Commercial gram farming-Crops are grown majorly for commercial purpose. It is majorly practiced in a sparsely populated area like Asia and Europe.
- Mixed Farming-In Mixed farming, the land is used for growing food and fodder crops and rearing farm animals. Majorly practiced in Europe, South Africa, New Zealand,
- Plantations are a type of commercial farming where the single crop is grown like sugarcane, tea, coffee. A large amount of capital and labour are required. Major plantations are found in the tropical regions of the world.
- Rice: -Rice is the major crop of the world. It requires high temperature, high humidity, and rainfall. It grows best in the alluvial clayey soil, which can retain water.
- Wheat: -It requires moderate temperature and rainfall during growing season and bright sunshine at the time of harvest. Loamy soil is best suited.
- Millets: -It requires low rainfall and high to moderate temperature and adequate rainfall. They grow on less fertile and sandy soil.
- Maize: -It requires average rainfall, moderate temperature, and infinite sunshine. It requires well-drained fertile soil.
- Cotton: -It requires high temperature, light rainfall 210 frost free days and bright sunshine. Grows best in the black alluvial soil.
- Jute: – It requires high temperature, heavy rainfall, and humid climate. It grows well in alluvial soil.
- Coffee: -It requires warm and wet climate and well-drained loamy soil.
- Tea: –It requires cool climate and well distributed high rainfall throughout the year for the growth of its tender leaves. It requires well-drained loamy soil.
For any further queries on this topic kindly contact for Class 8 Online Classes.
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