26 January 2022 – The 73rd Republic Day of India
Republic Day is a day when the Constitution of India officially came into force on 26 January 1950. This historic work formally transformed India into an independent republic and is therefore celebrated on 26 January every year. 26th January 2022 is 73nd Republic Day of India.
It is noted that although India attained independence from British rule on August 15, 1947, after a long struggle for hours. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru gave his famous speech ‘Destiny with Destiny’, declaring India’s independence to the citizens. But sadly, this freedom did not come with democracy and the right to choose its own government.
Since India did not have an official constitution, our country was a constitutional monarchy under the rule of King George VI even after independence. The Indian Constitution finally came into force on 26 January 1950, two and a half years later, making India one of the largest democracies in the world. It was on this day that India was declared as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. And to honor this day, every year on 26 January, the Republic Day of India is celebrated with great pomp and show across the country.
Indian Republic Day is celebrated with full fervor and enthusiasm throughout the country and this day is declared as a gazetted public holiday by the Government of India. It is a matter of pride and honor to celebrate this important day. Cultural programs, speeches, and other competitions such as quizzes, essays related to the Indian independence movement are organized in schools. People across the country hoist flags and sing the national anthem.
The President of India is presiding over a parade of Indian Armed Forces in the capital of New Delhi. The parade is held at Rajpath from Vijay Chowk to India Gate. In this parade, the armed forces demonstrated their strength, zeal, and weapons. This is followed by a cultural presentation by the states and union territories of India. All this comes before the flag hoisting ceremony, which is the most important part. It is accompanied by singing a national anthem.
On this day, brave awards are also given to the children and citizens of the country so that they can inspire people and make them feel proud of becoming proud of the nation.
A view of History of 26th January
Even though India achieved independence on August 15, 1947, it was nothing short of a detailed constitution and did not have the authority and political powers to run the affairs of the state. Till then, we used to amend and amend the Government of India Act of 1935 for the purpose of implementation. Those amendments only suited the interests of colonial rule and demanded the need for a well-established permanent constitution.
Therefore, on August 28, 1947, India establishes a constitutional draft committee formed under the leadership of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. The constitutional committee gives out the draft before the Constituent Assembly on November 4, 1947. The entire process took 166 days, including a tedious process in which the committee held sessions that were open to the public.
This was indeed a challenging task for the Constitutional Committee as the committee had to balance the interest of various religions, cultures, languages, social classes, castes, creeds, even minute details, which can hinder the social fabric of the society.
Finally, on 24 January 1950, two handwritten copies of the document, one in Hindi and the other in English, were passed unanimously and signed by three hundred and eight members of the committee. Incidentally, on 26 January 1950, the Indian constitution officially introduced the nation.
Although the Constitution of India was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26 November 1949, it was formally made effective on 26 January 1950. The reason for this was that it happened during the Indian National Congress (INC) Lahore in 1929. There was a demand for complete independence in the history of India’s freedom struggle from British rule. After this 26 January, 1930 was declared as Purna Swaraj Day (Full Independence Day).To honor this important day in India’s independence movement, our Constitution was adopted on 26 January 1950.
Also, the Indian Parliament held its first session on 26th January 1950, and Dr. Rajendra Prasad was sworn in as the first President of the Republic of India. This event symbolized the end of the British Raj, the birth of sovereign India, and transformed India into a republican state.
Importance of Amar Jawan Jyoti
Before the parade begins, Prime Minister Amar Jawan pays a floral wreath at Jyoti, which reminds the fallen fighters at India Gate on one side of the Rajpath, who are stranded in a two-minute silence to commemorate fallen warriors. The sacrifices of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the country are remembered to this day. From that point on, the Prime Minister reaches the main stage at Rajpath to join various dignitaries. Subsequently, the President, accompanied by the chief guest, duly arrives on the Rajpath by the President’s bodyguard to join others along the Rajpath. The national flag is hoisted by the President followed by the national anthem with a 21 gun salute.
Previously, essential honors such as the Ashoka Chakra and the Kirti Chakra are bestowed by the President, before the regiments of the armed forces begin their walk past. The President bestows awards of bravery to members of the Armed Forces for their exceptional precision in the field, and in addition to civilians, who have made themselves famous by their distinctive displays of courage under various circumstances. Youth who receive National Bravery Awards ride past observers on vividly designed elephants or vehicles.
The Republic Day Parade
In addition to the navy, nine to twelve unique regiments of the Indian Army and the Air Force go full-on with their groups in their respective uniforms. The Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces, who accompanies the President of India, takes the salute. The parade comprises individual participants, including 12 contestants from India’s three military powers. One of the types of landmarks in the procession is the unexpected Camel-mounted Border Security Force, the main camel-mounted military force on the planet.
Best N.C.C Elected cadets from across the country treated it as an honor on the occasion, as do school youth from various schools in the capital. They spend several days getting ready for the occasion and there is no cost to see that everything about the practice, from the practice to the original recourse and their associations. 22 to 30 drifts showing the way of life of various states and association domains in India, including buoys of union services and state undertakings, are in terrific motorcycles, transmitted across the country on TV and radio.
Each presentation attracts a decent diversity and wealth of India’s way of life and the entire show lends a magnificent air to the occasion. Around 1200 school children present dance and other cultural activities as a feature of the parade.
Fly-past and Daredevil Motorcycle
The motorcycles usually convey the national banners and banners to the final entry in the parade with the Seek Engine Bicycle Riding Show thrilled by the bike units of the armed forces and civil defense services along with fly-past by Indian Air Force planes and helicopters. The armed force with such outstanding performances and applause by every single crowd, India’s Republic Day Parade in New Delhi is a standout amongst the most spectacular motorcycles in the world.
The end of the Republic Day celebration is marked by the Beating Retreat which is held on the third day after Republic Day i.e. January 29. Bands of the three wings of the Indian Air Force, Indian Navy and Indian Navy perform to this day. Vijay Chowk and Raisina Hills serve as the venue of the show. The President of India is the chief guest of the occasion.
Before the start of the Republic Day parade, the Prime Minister of India pays tribute to the Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate and laid a wreath to the soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. On this special day, the people of the defense forces are given awards and medals for bravery. Citizens who have shown outstanding work of bravery are also recognized and rewarded on this day. The President of India hoists the National Flag, the Tiranga on this auspicious day.
Chief Guest of Republic Day Parade
Since its first Republic Day, as the state guest of the Republic Day, India has been hosting the heads of other countries among its guests. Although it was only in 1955 that the parade is being held in its present form, on earlier occasions the parade was held at various places like Ramlila Maidan and Red Fort.
Between the 1950s, various NAM and Eastern Bloc countries were facilitated by India. In the post-Cold War period, India has welcomed some Western pioneers on a state visit on Republic Day. It is excellent that India had welcomed the visitors of the state to the leading Republic Day celebrations of these countries, before fighting wars with China and Pakistan. Pakistan Food and Agriculture Minister was a visitor from that state to another state for Republic Day in 1965, after which the two nations went to war.
Countries that have been welcomed on various occasions include India’s neighbors (Bhutan, Sri Lanka, and Mauritius), resistance partners (Russia / USSR, France, and Britain), and exchange partners (Brazil) and NAM partners (Nigeria, Indonesia, and more recently Yugoslavia). France has the merit of being the visitor of honor for the largest (five) number by four visits from Bhutan and three visits from Mauritius and USSR / Russia. In 2015, US President Barack Obama was the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations flanked by French President François Hollande between 2016 Republic Day marches. In 2017, Crown Prince Mohammad Kanastar Zayed Al Nahyan from the United Arab Emirates was the chief guest of the motorcycle. In 2018, there were 2 chief guests, viz., Prime Minister of Thailand – Prayuth Chan-ocha and Prime Minister of Vietnam – Nguyen Xuan Phuc. In 2019, the Chief Guest was South Africa’s President Cyril Ramaphosa, In 2020 the Chief Guest was President of Brazil, Mr. Jair Messias Bolsonaro. And this year, on 73rd Republic Day – 26th January 2022, Chief Guest will be the Five guests (heads of Central Asia states)- President of Kazakhstan – Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, President of Kyrgyzstan – Sadyr Japarov, President of Tajikistan -Emomali Rahmon, President of Turkmenistan -Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow, President of Uzbekistan – Shavkat Mirziyoyev
Celebrations in various states
All the states of India additionally identify specific tableaux, identifying their way of life, manner, and progress after independence, in which the presence of ‘unity in diversity in India’ is demonstrated. The movements of the society are performed by individuals and some move, with equipment employing singing and exercise. At the end of the occasion, a tri-shading (saffron, white and green) sky with blooming skies displays the image of the national flag. Similarly, some bright flowers are flown in the sky displaying the image of harmony.
A historical event of republic day
The Republic Day of 2018 was considered special due to a factor that was the first for regular Republic Day events. This was mainly because the heads of 10 Asian countries were invited together to witness the Republic Day celebrations on this day. The ten countries were Brunei, Singapore, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Philippines, Myanmar, Vietnam and Thailand.
Republic Day – A Matter of Pride……
We all should be proud to celebrate Republic Day because this day symbolizes the establishment of our Constitution although we are all governed as one country. Schools and colleges should have special programs for the students to implement the laws applicable in the Constitution. It will definitely help them understand their country better and who knows, one of them could be our leader for tomorrow?
Important Questions for Republic Day
Whats is Indian Republic Day History, Objectives, and Significance
As we know, the Constitution gave Indian people the option of government and paved the way for democracy. On 26 January, the first President, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, took an oath at the Government House’s Durbar Hall and unfurled the Irwin Stadium National Flag.
Republic Day has been observed in India every year since 1950, on 26 January, to commemorate the date on which the Constitution of India came into force. This year, India will mark its 73rd Republic Day.
Since 1950, Republic Day has been observed annually in India on 26 January to commemorate the date on which the Constitution of India came into force. India has been a British colony for over 200 years and, after the Indian independence movement, became independent from the control of the British Raj.
When was India recognised as the Sovereign Republic?
However, on 29 August 1947, two weeks later, a drafting committee was formed, with Dr B R Ambedkar as its chairman, to draft a permanent Indian Constitution. The Constitution was eventually drawn up after a lot of hard work, and January 26 was chosen as the day to recognise India as the Sovereign Republic.
What is the significance of 26th January?
The significance of January 26 is that the Indian National Congress, as opposed to British rule, made the well-known Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) on that day in 1929. The draft constitution was submitted on 4 November 1947 to the Indian Constituent Assembly. The 308 members of the Assembly met in sessions open to the public over the course of 166 days, which were spread over two years, and made some reforms.
Finally, two handwritten copies of the Constitution were signed by the Assembly members on January 24, 1950, one in English and one in Hindi. And two days later, it made history. Dr. Rajendra Prasad’s first term in office as the President of the Indian Union began on that day. Under the transitional terms of the new Constitution, the Constituent Assembly became the Parliament of India.
January 26 is observed to commemorate the Indian Constitution as India’s governing text, replacing the Government of India Act (1935). And now it’s celebrated with a lot of fervour around India. In Delhi, in Rajpath, glorious parades are conducted by Indian Army regiments, Navy, Air Force, Judiciary, Police, and also the military forces.
Paramilitary forces march and India’s security prowess is also demonstrated with the new missiles, aircraft, and weapons systems. During the parade, beautiful pictures reflecting the beauty of all the states of India are also seen. There is Air Force sky displays as well. This year, India will mark its 71st Republic Day.
How is Republic Day celebrated?
It is celebrated with great pomp worldwide. In the national capital, there is a military parade and all workplaces and schools have a holiday to celebrate.
Although most of us have associated this day with the Parade of the Grand Republic Day for years, the day is much more than that. Republic Day marks the day the constitution was officially adopted by India as the governing document and became an independent republic!
Through the historic Indian Independence Act of 1947, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that split British India into two dominions, India gained independence. India became independent on 15 August 1947, but with King George VI as its head and Earl Mountbatten as Governor-General, it was still a constitutional monarchy.
It was then that the significance of having a Constitution became very clear, after which the Drafting Committee, with Dr. B R Ambedkar as chairman, was named with the goal of drafting a permanent constitution.
The Committee then worked diligently for months and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947 the first draft of the Constitution, which took more than two years (2 years, 11 months, and 18 days) to fully enact the Constitution.
Why was 26th January chosen as Republic Day?
It was the first time in the history of the Indian Struggle for Freedom that the appeal for full independence was made during the Lahore Session of the INC (Indian National Congress) in 1929. So 26 January was the chosen option to respect the aspiration of the freedom fighters who were the first to claim full independence while the Assembly was finalizing the day on which the Constitution could come into force.
Takshila Learning celebrates the joy of being a part of a Republic nation and participates in every activity that solemnises the feeling further. We at Takshila Learning are committed to educate and alert the future citizens of India and also make them well-equipped to fight any kind of challenging situations in their loves. These kinds of educated citizens are an asset to any country and they can always protect the country from every other trespassing element. So, come on celebrate the day with Takshila Learning and feel proud of being part of a Republic nation.
HAPPY REPUBLIC DAY!!
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